Vaccine-preventable disease levels are at or near record lows, thanks to vaccinations. Even though most infants and toddlers have received all recommended vaccines by age 2, many under-immunized children remain, leaving the potential for outbreaks of disease. Many adolescents and adults are under-immunized as well, missing opportunities to protect themselves against diseases such as Hepatitis B, influenza, and pneumococcal disease. CDC works closely with public health agencies and private partners to improve and sustain immunization coverage and to monitor the safety of vaccines so that this public health success story can be maintained and expanded in the century to come.
Safety of Vaccines
Currently, the United States has the safest, most effective vaccine supply in its history. Years of testing are required by law before a vaccine can be licensed. For more on vaccine safety visit CDC Vaccine Safety.
There are currently 16 vaccine preventable disease in the United States. For more information on each disease preventing vaccine visit CDC Vaccine Fact Sheets.
State and local vaccination requirements for daycare and school entry are important tools for maintaining high vaccination coverage rates, and in turn, lower rates of vaccine-preventable diseases. Visit WI DHS School Required Vaccines to learn what vaccines your child needs.
Not only do children benefit from being vaccinated but so do adults. For more information on what vaccines you need visit CDC Vaccine Schedule.
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States; 75% of sexually active people will be infected with HPV at some point in their life. HPV usually goes away on its own, without showing any symptoms, but it can cause serious health problems- like cancer. The HPV vaccine is a safe 2 or 3 dose series that is almost 100% effective in preventing cancers caused by HPV. The vaccine is recommended for males and females age 11-12, but is available for anyone between the ages of 9 to 26 who have not completed the series. Prevention is key and needs to be given prior to any sexual activity to be effective in stopping cancer.
Between Jan. 1 and March 6, 2015, there have been 159 individuals investigated for measles in Wisconsin. None have been confirmed.
10% of these suspect cases were in children less than 1 year of age, 26% in children aged 1-4 years, 17% in school aged children and the remaining 46% in adults.
Do you know if you need to be vaccinated for measles? The vaccine is 95% effective in providing protection against measles with one dose, and 97% effective with two doses. For more information on who needs MMR and how many doses, click the link:
|Age||# of MMR immunizations needed||Special considerations|
|0-12 months||0||MMR is not routinely given to children under 1 year of age, but should be given to infants 6-11 months of age if traveling internationally.|
|1-4 years||1||If traveling internationally children in this age group should get 2 MMR immunizations|
|18 and older born in or after 1957||1||If those in this age group are college students, healthcare workers, or international travelers, they should receive 2 MMR immunizations.|
|Born before 1957||0||This age group is considered immune to measles, mumps, and rubella. Only those who are health care workers in this group need 2 MMR immunizations.|
Mumps is a virus infection that causes the following symptoms:
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
- And is followed by swelling of salivary glands along the cheeks and jaw, but can affect other areas of the body as well.
Of children that get infected, 1 in 10 will get meningitis (swelling of the tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord). Men and boys that become infected can have painful swelling of the testicles which may lead to the inability to have children in rare cases. Other problems caused by mumps include deafness (loss of hearing), encephalitis (swelling of the brain itself), and even death with severe cases.
Mumps is spread through the air by coughing, sneezing, or talking as well as sharing eating or drinking utensils and coming into contact with the spit or mucus of someone with mumps. Those who had contact with someone ill, can become sick in 2-3 weeks. Once someone has the virus in their body, they can give it to others 3 days before they feel sick and up to 9 days after symptoms start.
There is no treatment for mumps at this time, but there is a vaccine to prevent the disease. The MMR vaccine is a two dose vaccine that covers measles, mumps, and rubella. It can be given beginning at 12-15 months of age and is recommended for everyone born after 1957. Those born before 1957 are considered to be protected and do not need the vaccine. For more information on mumps visit Center for Disease Control (CDC) – Mumps
Effects of Vaccine Preventable Diseases
By protecting yourself you are also protecting those around you who are unable to be vaccinated due to health or age. For more information visit Information Action Coalition Real Stories.